Introduction of Transportation: In Introduction Of Transportation We Talking About, Role of Transportation, Different Modes of Transportation, Highway,Express highway, Characteristics of Road Transport, Importance of Roads in India.
Classification of Road & Types of Road Pattern: 1.On the basic of duration of theirs use- All Weather Road, Fair Weather Road. 2.On the basis of traffic volume– Light Traffic Roads, Medium Traffic Roads, High Traffic Roads. 3.On the basis of load transported. 4.On the basis of location and function.- National Highways (NH), State Highways (SH), Major District Roads (MDR), Other District Roads (ODR), Village Road (VR). Types of Road Pattern– Rectangular or Block Pattern, Hexagonal, Radial or Star and Block, Radial or Star and Circular, Radial or Star and Grid.
Engineering Surveys For Highway Alignment & Maximum Saturation System / Utility Factor System: Engineering Surveys For Highway Alignment- MAP Study, Reconnaissance, Preliminary Survey, Detailed Survey, Maximum Saturation System / Utility Factor System
Design of Horizontal Alignment: Various design element to be considered in the horizontal alignment are: Design speed Type and length of transition